What is a party wall?
The main types of party walls are:
- A wall that stands on the lands of 2 (or more) owners and forms part of a building – this wall can be part of one building only or separate buildings belonging to different owners
- A wall that stands on the lands of 2 owners but does not form part of a building, such as a garden wall but not including timber fences
- A wall that is on one owner’s land but is used by 2 (or more) owners to separate their buildings The Act also uses the expression ‘party structure’. This could be a wall or floor partition or other structure separating buildings or parts of buildings in different ownership, such as in flats.
What the Act covers?
The Act covers:
- New building on or at the boundary of 2 properties
- Work to an existing party wall or party structure
- Excavation near to and below the foundation level of neighbouring buildings
This may include:
- Building a new wall on or at the boundary of 2 properties
- Cutting into a party wall
- Making a party wall taller, shorter or deeper
- Removing chimney breasts from a party wall
- Knocking down and rebuilding a party wall
- Digging below the foundation level of a neighbour’s property
This provides detailed guidance on the Party Wall etc. Act 1996. The guidance explains how the Act may affect a building owner who wishes to carry out work covered by the Act or an adjoining building owner who receives notification under the Act of proposed work.
The guidance has been further updated in May 2016 to take account of amendments to the Act to allow the electronic transmission of notices and other documents, required under the Act, where both the giver and receiver of the notices and documents agree.
Download the explanatory booklet in PDF format below by clicking on image below: